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«В стране обетованной»

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 Уральское литературное агентство готовит к печати книгу Ю. Бриля. Рабочее название – «В стране обетованной». Кн... ПОДРОБНЕЕ...

Виды костров
Автор: Юрий Бриль   
25 Апреля 2012

k kolod

Кто самый большой друг туриста? Без кого не обойтись в походе? Верно, костер самый большой друг туриста и путешественника. Он и согреет, и промокшую одежду подсушит, и горячим чаем напоит.

В каждом более или менее длительном походе мы разжигаем костер. Поэтому пговорим о том, какими они бывают, костры. Вот, например, так выглядит один из самых распространенных костров. Это, так называемый, костер Колодец.

костер "колодец"

k zk shalashk taek nodkИз всех деревьев худшим топливом является осина, сгорающая быстро и дающая мало тепла, и пихта, которая в огне дает громкий треск и стреляет искрами.

Место для костра выбирают в подветренной стороне от лагеря, чтобы искры от костра не могли зажечь палатки, снаряжение, сухую траву, деревья.

Лучший материал для разжигания костра – береста, мелкие сухие веточки ели, можжевельника. Хорошо разгораются костры от обструганных сухих сучков или корней хвойных деревьев.

Уходя с места привала , надо тщательно погасить костер, залить его водой, а оставшиеся дрова сложить в стороне от костра.

Для приготовления пищи удобны костер в специально вырытой яме и очаги  из камней или пластов дерна. Котелок, в котором готовят пищу подвешивают также на поперечных палках над обычным костром.

Здесь, на этих рисунках нами представлены костры:

костер "звездочка"

костер "шалаш"

костер "таежный"

костер "нодья"

сушка одежды и обуви у костра

очаги для приготовления пищи

 

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